Skylights 101

Welcome to the Solar Innovations® Skylights 101 tool. This comprehensive, interactive tool will assist you in the design of a high-quality skylight that not only will provide excellent daylighting and ventilation but also withstand extreme weather. From the early planning stages of where to place your skylight, all the way down to the decorative touches that will complete the look of your skylight, you will find everything that you require. If you are looking to learn about a particular detail, just check them off below and click SUBMIT. If you prefer a more traditional experience, feel free to download our Skylight or Timeless Traditions brochure.

Placement Considerations

The position of a skylight on your home or business is key to the success of how it will perform. Maintaining proper daylighting and taking advantage of trees should be considered before placement.

Trees

There are pros and cons with having trees near a skylight. The most common concern is that falling trees or limbs will damage the skylight. Solar Innovations® uses laminated glass to reduce damage and provide a safe environment in the event of an impact. Deciduous trees can be beneficial because their foliage provides shade during the summer and allows for solar heat gain when their leaves drop in the winter.

Skylight Placement Considerations

Design

The concept of lighting a room through an opening in the roof dates back to ancient Rome, but wasn’t practical when it rained. It was around 1,000 AD when glass was first introduced to solve this problem. Today, skylights come in all shapes and sizes. Even though any two skylights may be made of the same materials and have the same functionality, the design can be drastically different.

Traditional skylight design

TRADITIONAL

A Traditional skylight floods a room with sunlight but does not have any of the ornate details found in Victorian skylights. They can be fixed or can open and close with a motor or pole operator to allow fresh air to circulate.

Contemporary skylight design

CONTEMPORARY

Unlike their decorative counterparts, contemporary skylights consist of large glass areas, clean lines and a linear format. Mullions are used to allow for long projections. The skylight’s finish can enhance the modern appearance. Popular choices include white, black, and clear anodized, which is often used in industrial settings. Stainless steel cladding can be applied directly to the aluminum frame as well. The interior of the skylight achieves a modern flare through the use of flat, in-ornate rafters.

Victorian skylight design

VICTORIAN

A Victorian skylight is the epitome of traditionally classic appearance. They are highly ornate yet functional and add charm to a home or business. They may include decorative elements such as dormers, ridge cresting, finials, grids, or etched glass. Historically-designed gutters and decoratively-designed gables also enhance the skylight’s traditional appearance on the exterior. Crown molding, bar caps in various profile options and decorative castings bring the same character into the interior space.

Performance

Thermally-Enhanced Skylights

The energy efficiency of your skylight can be greatly enhanced through the use of high-performance glazing and thermally-broken aluminum framing. The use of a stainless steel screw acts as the thermal break for the rafters, while a Styrofoam core acts as a thermal break for the sills.

Skylight Cross Section Thermal Performance
Skylight Thermal performance model

Thermal Break

A thermal break separates the aluminum and minimizes conductivity of heat and cold from the outside to the inside while ensuring the structure’s interior remains comfortable all year long. Solar Innovations® offers two types of thermal break systems; Polyamide Strut and Pour and Debridge. In the first method, a polyamide strut is threaded into the cavity between two aluminum profiles and crimped into place. In the Pour and Debridge system, liquid polyurethane is poured into aluminum cavities that have been machined with an Azo-Brader, that allows for the polymer to mechanically lock in place. Both methods improve thermal efficiency by breaking the highly conductive properties of aluminum. Non-thermal aluminum frames should only be used for interior spaces or where thermal conductivity is not important.

Skylight Testing

Impact and cycling testing is a vital part of product evaluation and progression at Solar Innovations®. By testing and measuring an object’s ability to resist high-speed impacts and pressured environments, we are able to deliver a safer and more durable product.

Impact and cycling tests consist of a calibrated wooden 2×4 being shot at a product out of a pressurized canon. This emulates both the impact and wind pressure of debris the product could possibly experience during extreme weather conditions. Once impact tests are completed and passed, pressure is simulated with a cyclic blower.

Regardless of your needs, Solar Innovations® suggest that you should always consult your local building official when determining impact rating requirements.

ProductBay/Unit SizeFlorida Approval #DP RatingWater PenetrationAdditional Approvals
Flat welded Curb Skylight36′ X 72′FL # 11259.1±80psfUp to 30psfHVHZ, NFRC
Variable Pitch Welded Curb Skylight48′ X 661/2FL # 11259.2±65psfUp to 30psfHVHZ, TDI SK-50
Side-Glazed Skylight493/4” X 973/4FL # 11259.4±65psfUp to 12psf
Bi-Parting Skylight1117/8” X 47″FL # 17581.1±45psfUp to 6.9psf
80-90° Operable Skylight865/16” X 6611/16FL # 17581.2±40psfUp to 15psf

*Additional sizes are available at taller or wider dimensions based on design pressure and extrapolation charts.

Curbs

Solar Innovations® requires that any skylight be placed on a pre-built curb. Concrete curbs are ideal. If a unit is constructed on an uneven, poorly built curb it may cause shifting which over time, may cause the glass to crack under pressure.

The minimum curb height allowed by code is 4 inches, unless noted otherwise; Solar Innovations® recommends a 6 inch curb. Any pitch from 1:12 to 16:12 is possible, but pitches of 14.75°, 22.5°, 30° and 45° are pre-engineered for speed and efficiency. For non-standard roof pitches, increased fabrication and engineering times must be considered.

To prohibit water penetration, welded curb sills are incorporated for a seamless bond around the perimeter of the skylight.

Curbs

Skylight Types

Skylights can be configured in an unlimited amount of shapes, sizes and operations. Fixed skylights provide excellent daylighting benefits whereas operable skylights share the same benefit, but can be opened to let fresh air circulate. Skylights can also be designed as entryways or, in instances where the roof is used for foot traffic, walkable, so that the skylight doesn’t take away from the usable space of the roof.

Fixed Flat Skylight

FIXED FLAT

Installed on flat roofs, this simple skylight must be mounted on a pre-built curb. It does not operate and is the most affordable option.

Fixed Flat Skylight Isometric Drawing
Single Slope Skylight

SINGLE SLOPE

Installed on sloped roofs, this non-operable skylight must be mounted on a pre-built curb. It can be installed on pitched roofs with a 1:12 to 16:12 pitch.

Single Slope Skylight Isometric Drawing
Straight Eave Lean-to Skylight

STRAIGHT EAVE LEAN-TO

Attached to a structure, this sloped skylight is mounted on a pre-built curb. The gable ends can be fully glazed or configured with solid panels.

Straight Eave Lean-to Skylight Isometric Drawing
Straight Eave Double Pitch Skylight w/ Gable End

STRAIGHT EAVE DOUBLE PITCH, GABLE END

This stand-alone skylight is attached to a pre-built curb and can be configured with a transom. Other features may include ridge and eave vents or a lantern along the ridge.

Straight Eave Double Pitch Gable End Skylight Isometric Drawing
Straight Eave Hip End Skylight

STRAIGHT EAVE DOUBLE PITCH, HIP END

This stand-alone skylight is mounted on a pre-built curb on a flat roof. It may include ridge and eave vents or a transom.

Straight Eave Double Pitch Hip End Skylight Isometric Drawing
Straight Eave double Pitch Bullnose End Skylight

STRAIGHT EAVE DOUBLE PITCH, BULLNOSE END

This stand-alone skylight is attached to a pre-built curb and can be configured with a transom. Other features may include ridge and eave vents.

Straight Eave double Pitch Bullnose End Skylight Isometric Drawing
Polygonal Skylight

POLYGONAL

Mounted on a pre-built curb, this stand-alone skylight can be configured with a number of facets and slopes. For added flair, transoms can also be incorporated.

Polygonal Skylight Isometric Drawing
Barrel Vault Skylight

BARREL VAULT

Glazed with true-radius glass, this curb mount skylight can be configured with an unlimited number of bays. This skylight is typically configured with glazed gable ends.

Barrel Vault Skylight Isometric Drawing
Segmented Radius Barrel Vault Skylight

SEGMENTED-RADIUS BARREL VAULT

Unlike a true barrel vault skylight, a segmented-radius barrel vault skylight uses flat glass to give the illusion of a curved surface. It is mounted on a pre-built curb and its gable end can be infilled with glass or solid panels.

Segmented Radius Barrel Vault Skylight Isometric Drawing
Pyramid Skylight

PYRAMID

Pyramid skylights are four-sided and can be sloped at a multitude of angles. They are curb-mounted and can be adorned with a finial. For added style, a transom can be incorporated into the design.

Pyramid Skylight Isometric Drawing
Dome Skylight

DOME

These curb-mounted skylights are constructed with true-radius glass. For increased height, a transom can be added. For a more classic look, a finial can adorn the top.

Dome Skylight Isometric Drawing
Segmented Radius Dome Skylight

SEGMENTED-RADIUS DOME

To create the illusion of a curved surface, a segmented-radius dome skylight employs flat glass at differing angles. It is mounted on a pre-built curb and structural silicone is used where the glass abuts.

Segmented Radius Dome Skylight Isometric Drawing
Curved Eave Hip End Skylight

CURVED EAVE DOUBLE PITCH

This straight eave double pitch skylight features curved eaves on four sides. It can also be configured as a lean-to skylight. Standard roof pitches for a curved eave are 14.75° and 30°. It is mounted on a pre-built curb.

Curved Eave Hip End Skylight Isometric Drawing
Walkable Skylight

WALKABLE

This flush-mounted skylight is installed on flat roofs so that square footage isn’t reduced from the walkable space. They utilize specially-engineered glazing to allow for safe foot traffic.

Walkable Skylight Isometric Drawing
Retractable Skylight

RETRACTABLE

This curb-mounted operable skylight serves the dual purpose of daylighting and fresh air circulation. It is recommended to be installed at a 2°-10° pitch and can be motorized for ease of operation. To further its functionality, it can also be used for roof access, though motorized operation is not permissible by code.

Retractable Skylight Isometric Drawing
On-slope Retractable Skylight

ON-SLOPE RETRACTABLE

Serving the dual purpose of daylighting and fresh air circulation. It can be equipped with a tube motor that pulls the panels with a cable to open and close the skylight. It is mounted on a pre-built curb and can be configured with multiple bays.

On-slope Retractable Skylight Isometric Drawing
Retractable Ridge Skylight

RETRACTABLE RIDGE

Installed on the ridge of a roof with tracks, this skylight features operation on both slopes of the roof. With this design, tremendous amounts of fresh air can enter a space. Motorized operation is obtained through a push/pull cable system.

Retractable Ridge Skylight Isometric Drawing
80-90° Operable Skylight

80°-90° OPERABLE

This skylight is hinged on one side and opens either manually, via an air-filled piston assist, or a hydraulic motor. It is mounted on a pre-built curb and can also serve as roof access.

80-90° Operable Skylight Isometric Drawing
Roof Access Entryway Skylight

CUSTOM ROOF ACCESS

Designed for roof access, this skylight incorporates a swing door and 80°-90° operable skylight that opens manually, via an air-filled piston assist. It is mounted on pre-built exterior walls.

Roof Access Entryway Skylight Isometric Drawing
Hybrid Sunroom Skylight

HYBRID SUNROOM/SKYLIGHT

Designed specifically for roof access, this sunroom/skylight incorporates a terrace door while allowing an abundance of daylight to flood the space below. It must be mounted on a pre-built curb.

Hybrid Sunroom Skylight Isometric Drawing
Fully customizable Skylights

FULLY CUSTOMIZABLE

Skylight designs are limited only by your imagination. Solar Innovations® has a team of designers and engineers that can assist in fulfilling the requirements of your design.

Fully customizable Skylights Isometric Drawing

DIMENSION DEFINITIONS

Dimension Definitions

ARCHITECTURAL OPTIONS

Enhancements can add architectural appeal to your skylight. The most commonly used features are transoms and lanterns. Both designs will allow for more daylight to penetrate and help to create a distinct design.

Transom Skylight Option

TRANSOMS

A transom adds height to a skylight and allows for greater views of the surroundings. The standard measure is 24 inches, but can be range from 18-36 inches in height. An eave vent can be added to increase fresh air circulation into the building.

Lantern Skylight Option

LANTERNS

A lantern is located atop the roof and can span the entire length of the ridge or occupy only a small section. It can feature a hip end, bull nose, or double pitch configuration. Vents can be incorporated for natural air circulation. Lanterns add a decorative element, and give English character to your skylight.

Dormer Skylight Option

DORMERS

Dormers project from a sloped roof, interrupting the roof line with a double-pitch sub-structure. They typically begin at the ridge line or in the middle of the roof. Multiple dormers can be used along a long span or one on each pitch of the skylight.

STRUCTURAL DETAILS

The rafters used in our skylights are available in two widths. Multiple length bars may be combined within one project to create a dynamic appearance while maintaining matching sightlines. Depending on the application, different sills are required to maintain a waterproof attachment to the roof.

2″ SYSTEM RAFTERS

21/2” SYSTEM RAFTERS

DECORATIVE CAPS

PURLINS

CONDENSATION GUTTERS

ANGLED SILLS

FLAT WELDED CURB SILLS

WALKABLE SILL DETAILS

MULTI-PANEL HEAD, SILL & JAMB DETAILS

RETRACTABLE HEAD, SILL & JAMB DETAILS

80°-90° OPERABLE HEAD, SILL & JAMB DETAILS

MOTOR DETAILS

FLASHING

Flashing is required for watertight installations of curb-mount skylights. After a rubber membrane is installed, at least four inches of curb height is required by code before the sill is attached. To carry the aesthetics into the interior, flashing can also be installed on the inside surfaces that abut the skylight. To limit thermal transfer, the interior and exterior flashing do not connect. The exterior flashing generally matches the skylight material and for two-tone applications, the interior flashing can be matched to the interior surfaces of the skylight.

EXTERIOR

INTERIOR

GLAZING

Glazing choice plays a critical role in the performance of your greenhouse, and the selection is both location and design specific. Low-E coatings allow the sun’s rays to pass through the glass while reducing the amount of heat transfer. U-values measure the amount of heat transferred through glass. The lower the value, the better it insulates. The value for a typical single pane of glass starts around 6.0, whereas you can expect values of around 0.13 for insulated glass with Low-E coatings, stainless steel spacers, and argon infill. Solar Innovations®’ sales designers will work with you to determine your best options.

Double and Triple Glazed Glass Specifications

Overall Unit
Thickness
U-valueR-ValueSolar Heat
Gain Coefficient
Visible Light
Transmission
Reflectance
Out
Reflectance
In
UV
Transmittance
Monolithic
Clear1/4″1.020.910.8288%8%8%62%
DOUBLE GLAZED Outside Lite/Inside Lite
Clear/Clear1″0.462.170.7882%15%15%58%
180/Clear1″0.263.850.6479%15%15%29%
272/Clear1″0.254.000.4172%11%12%16%
366/Clear1″0.244.170.2765%11%12%5%
340/Clear1″0.254.000.1839%11%13%2%
180/i891″0.214.760.6277%15%14%27%
272/i891″0.205.000.4170%11%11%16%
366/i891″0.205.000.2763%11%11%5%
340/i891″0.205.000.1738%11%12%2%
Gray/Clear1″0.452.220.6057%9%13%32%
Gray/1801″0.263.850.4953%9%14%17%
Gray/2721″0.254.000.3850%8%9%10%
Bronze/Clear1″0.452.220.6261%10%13%31%
Bronze/1801″0.263.850.6159%10%14%17%
Bronze/2721″0.254.000.3954%8%10%10%
TRIPLED GLAZED Outside Lite/Middle Lite/Inside Lite
180/Clear/1801180.156.670.5670%20%20%13%
272/Clear/1801180.156.670.3763%15%18%8%
366/Clear/1801180.156.670.2557%14%18%2%
340/Clear/1801180.156.670.1634%13%19%1%

Low-E Glazing

Cardinal Glass Industries

LoE 272 Cardinal Glass

LoĒ²-272

LoĒ²-272 is the most common and has a very slight green tint and assists in regulating temperatures in a greenhouse, keeping it cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.

LoĒ-180

LoĒ-180 is an ideal choice for greenhouses attempting to generate solar heat gain, particularly with cooling accessories. This glazing is popular for colder climates.

LoĒ³-340

LoĒ³-340 is used when a greenhouse needs to be shaded from intense direct sunlight, protecting delicate plants like orchids. A coating is applied to clear glass, which blocks the sun and causes a soft blue tint.

LoĒ-i89

This energy-saving fourth surface, coated glass can allow for double-pane windows to meet ENERGY STAR® guidelines. LoĒ-i89 is applied to the indoor surface, preventing heat from escaping the room and lowering U-factors.

LoE 366 Cardinal Glass

LoĒ²-366

LoĒ³-366 is the best insulation choice. It blocks 95% of the sun’s harmful UV rays, which helps preserve the color and composition of furnishings, draperies, and wall treatments.

Vitro Architectural Glass

Solarban 60 Vitro Architectural Glass

Solarban 60

Solarban 60 allows 70% of visible light to pass through while blocking 62% of solar energy providing year-round comfort and energy savings.

Solarban 90 Vitro Architectural Glass

Solarban 90

Solarban 90 allows 51% of visible light to pass through while blocking 80% of solar energy providing year-round comfort and energy savings.

Solarban 70 Vitro Architectural Glass

Solarban 70

Solarban 70’s triple silver Low-E coating allows 64% of visible light to pass through while blocking 94% of UV energy, protecting indoor fabrics.

Note: Low-E = low emission; LoE = product name or Cardinal Glass Industries

Diffused Light Glazing

To protect fragile plants, like Bonsai trees and orchids, from direct sunlight, Solar Innovations® offers diffused daylighting solutions.

Glazing Solera

Solera®

With an opaque white appearance, Solera® offers greatly increased energy efficiency, thermal comfort, and glare reduction while allowing diffused soft natural light into the space.

Lumira Aerogel Glazing

Lumira® Aerogel

When Lumira®, an aerogel-filled polycarbonate, is installed, thermal ratings are increased and light transmission is decreased. At the same time, glare and sound transmission are reduced.

Electrochromic Dynamic Glazing

Electrochromic

Electrochromic glazing changes between clear and tinted states with the flick of a switch, reducing glare and heat but requires a power source.

POLYCARBONATE PERFORMANCE

ProductThicknessColorLight Transmission (SHGC)StructureRib SpacingWeight (Lbs. per sq. ft.)U-ValueR-ValueBending RadiusSTC
Thermoclear 155/16” (8mm)Clear0.822-wall25/64” (10mm)0.3480.571.7555″18
Thermoclear 155/16” (8mm)Softlite0.772-wall25/64” (10mm)0.3480.571.7555″18
Thermoclear 151″ (25mm)Clear0.693-wall25/32” (20mm)0.6600.342.94173″23
Thermoclear 151″ (25mm)Softlite0.673-wall25/32” (20mm)0.6600.342.94173″23
CoverLite1″ (25mm)Clear0.713-wall25/32” (20mm)0.6600.342.94173″23
CoverLite1″ (25mm)Opal0.513-wall25/32” (20mm)0.6600.342.94173″23
CoverLite1″ (25mm)BronzeNA3-wall25/32” (20mm)0.6600.342.94173″23
Thermoclear Plus1″ (25mm)Clear0.656-wall25/32” (20mm)0.7000.272.94173″23
Thermoclear Plus1″ (25mm)Opal0.546-wall25/32” (20mm)0.7000.272.94173″23
Thermoclear Plus1″ (25mm)Bronze0.426-wall25/32” (20mm)0.7000.272.94173″23

U-VALUE – Measure of the ability of different structural components to conduct heat. The U-value of polycarbonate is measured by the number of BTUs that will pass through each square foot of area, per degree of temperature difference, from one side of the polycarbonate to the other. U-values indicate how well the polycarbonate will hold the heated or cooled air. The lower the U-value, the greater the polycarbonate’s resistance to heat flow and the higher the insulating value. The U-value is the inverse of the R-value.

R-VALUE – Measure of resistance to heat gain or loss (ability to insulate). R-values, rather than thicknesses, can be compared for different materials. The higher the R-value, the greater the polycarbonate’s resistance to heat flow and the higher the insulating value. The R-value is the inverse of the U-value.

SOLAR HEAT GAIN COEFFICIENT (SHGC) – The fraction of solar radiation transmitted through polycarbonate expressed as a percentage. The lower a polycarbonate’s SHGC, the less solar heat it transmits and the greater its shading ability. Generally, a lower SHGC is desirable in warm climates and a higher SHGC is desirable in cold climates. SHGC has replaced Shading Coefficient as the standard indicator of polycarbonate’s shading ability.

DECORATIVE GLAZING

Pattern 62 Decorative Glazing

PATTERN 62

Single Glue Chip Decorative Glazing

SINGLE GLUE CHIP

English Reeded Decorative Glazing

ENGLISH REEDED

Satin Acid Etched Decorative Glass

ACID ETCHED

FINISHES

A painted finish is suitable for residential and light commercial projects. The finish will withstand exposure to the elements and is resistant to impact. Solar Innovations® offers a wide variety of colors, but will also match any custom color. An anodized finish is designed to withstand the corrosive effects of salt water.

Paint

STANDARD – AMMA 2603*

SI Black

SI White

SI Sandstone

SI Natural Clay

SI Bronze

SI Hartford Green

Paint

DESIGNER – AAMA 2604, 2605§‡

SI Black

SI White

SI Sandstone

SI Natural Clay

SI Bronze

SI Hartford Green

Anodized

Additional cost

Class 1 Clear Anodized

Dark Bronze Anodized

Powder Coat Solids

AAMA 2605§

Black

SRSL 11386

FRSL 11390

Apollo White

SRSL 82519

FRSL 82908

Bone White

SRSL 82520

FRSL 82909

Ivory

SRSL 45891

FRSL 46646

Charcoal

SRSL 74007

FRSL 74654

Military Light Blue

SRSL 21708

FRSL 21709

Burgundy

SRSL 62487

FRSL 62496

Hartford Green

SRSL 32545

FRSL 32872

Sandstone

SRSL 45892

FRSL 46647

Seawolf

SRSL 46636

FRSL 46645

Fashion Gray

SRSL 74008

FRSL 74652

Colonial Gray

SRSL 74009

FRSL 74653

Antique Bronze

SRSL 45893

FRSL 46648


Powder Metallic

AAMA 2604, 2605

Silver Sparkle

Champagne

Copper

Pewter

Metal Clad

STANDARD

Copper

#4 Polished Stainless Steel

Metal Clad

DESIGNER

Bright Rolled

Blue Gray

Graphite Gray

Brass

Bronze


Decoral Finishes (Powder Coat)

Knotty Pine 2103

DS 716 Textured

DS 402 Smooth

Douglas Fir 1501

DS 716 Textured

DS 402 Smooth

Acacia 1001

DS 716 Textured

DS 402 Smooth

Cherry 1402

DS 716 Textured

DS 402 Smooth

Acacia 1001

DS 733 Textured

DS 403 Smooth

Oak Assi 2501

DS 733 Textured

DS 403 Smooth

Cherry 1402

DS 733 Textured

DS 403 Smooth

Dark Walnut 1802

DS 733 Textured

DS 403 Smooth

Teak 2601

DS 706 Textured

Mahogany Finish

National Walnut 1806

DS 706 Textured

Mahogany Finish


Wood/Glulam

STANDARD

Red Oak

White Ash

Walnut

White Oak

Wood/Glulam

DESIGNER

Douglas Fir

Cherry

Sapele Mahogany

Walnut


*5 year warranty (finishes available while in stock).

5 year warranty. Scratch & fade resistant; contains no VOCs.

Dependent on shelf life, some AAMA 2604 & 2605 finishes may be unavailable; Hartford Green is being phased out.

§10 year; up to 20 year warranty. Scratch & fade resistant; contains no VOCs.

Adds one to three weeks to lead time.

PLEASE NOTE: Depending upon color selection, extra cost and lead times may apply for all finishes other than Solar Innovations® stock standards. Color illustrations are shown as accurate as standard photography and printing processes allow. Final finish selection should be made from a physical sample; please contact Solar Innovations® to receive samples. All product and finish options are subject to vendor availability. Solar Innovations® reserves the right to discontinue any option at any time without notice. Additional options, including custom color matches, are available; contact a Solar Innovations® sales designer for details.

Greenhouse builder finishes 2

Metal Cladding

Cladding can be added to the exterior of a conservatory for aesthetic purposes. Copper and bronze claddings are popular additions to historically-styled conservatories. Stainless steel cladding is appropriate for a modern conservatory or coastal applications and will not corrode.

Maintenance

A skylight will require maintenance from time to time. The frame and glass will accumulate dust through the seasons, and will need to be removed. Solar Innovations® does not recommend using harsh chemicals. A solution of water, vinegar, and dish detergent will work well to clean the glass and frame. The key is to remove any dirt build-up from the frame, which will prevent future maintenance issues. Operable window and vent tracks need to be cleaned and checked to maintain proper function. Always test your conservatory accessories, including heating, cooling, shades, operable vents, and windows as a new season approaches. Motorized operations, such as ridge vents, will need occasional lubricating.

DECORATIVE GABLE DESIGNS

Decorative designs are added to the triangular gable on a skylight. The most common designs are arched fan options, with rays extending from the bottom center of the gable. The radius and number of rays are all customized to the skylight. Grid work can be used to simulate true mullions.

Arched Fan Light Option 1 Pediment
ARCHED FAN OPTION 1
Arched Fan Light Option 2 Pediment
ARCHED FAN OPTION 2
Hoffman Gable Pediment
DOUBLE ARCHED FAN OPTION
Open Radius Gable Pediment
OPEN RADIUS
Straight Fan Light Pediment
STRAIGHT FAN
Traditional Gable Pediment
TRADITIONAL GABLE

TRANSOMS

Use transoms to enhance the appearance of your skylight. For a classic English aesthetic, an etched or gridded pattern can be added to the vertical surfaces.

GRIDDDED

Traditional gridded transom
TRADITIONAL
Cross gridded transom
CROSS
Double Divide gridded transom
DOUBLE DIVIDE
English gridded transom
ENGLISH
Radius gridded transom
RADIUS

ETCHED TRANSOMS

Pattern A etched transom
PATTERN “A”
Pattern B etched transom
PATTERN “B”
Pattern C etched transom
PATTERN “C”
Pattern D etched transom
PATTERN “D”
Pattern E etched transom
PATTERN “E”
Pattern F etched transom
PATTERN “F”
Pattern G etched transom
PATTERN “G”
Pattern H etched transom
PATTERN “H”
Pattern I etched transom
PATTERN “I”
Pattern J etched transom
PATTERN “J”
Pattern K etched transom
PATTERN “K”
Pattern L etched transom
PATTERN “L”

OPERABLE SKYLIGHTS

Skylights not only provide sunlight but also can be designed for ventilation purposes. Solar Innovations® offers several ventilation solutions that can be customized to meet your requirements. As an added benefit, skylights can also be designed for roof access, however building codes do not permit the use of a motor for skylights with roof access.

VENTING

Venting Skylights can be operated with an actuator or pole operator. They can be set to open up to a maximum of 19 inches and cannot be used for roof access. They can also be tied to rain and/or temperature sensors to open and close automatically.

80-90 DEGREE OPERABLE

80-90 Degree Skylights open wide up like a door. They are hinged on one side and open either manually, via an air-filled piston assist, or a hydraulic motor. It is mounted on a pre-built curb and can only serve as roof access if it is not operated with a motor.

RETRACTABLE

Serving the dual purpose of daylighting and fresh air circulation, Retractable Skylights are equipped with a tube motor that pulls the panels with a cable to open and close the skylight along tracks permanently installed on the roof. For automatic operation, they can be tied to a sensor to close when rain is sensed or open when a set temperature is met.

SKYLIGHT WITH RETRACTABLE OPTION

These self-contained skylights operate like a standard retractable skylight, however the glass panels are staggered, allowing for the panels to slide underneath one and other. They can be motorized to operate together or independently.

SKYLIGHTS WITH VENTS

Vents can be incorporated as part of the skylight design. They can be installed as shown, on the ridge (SEE RIDGE VENTS) or vertically when a transom is part of the design (SEE EAVE VENTS). The vents can be operated with a crank or motorized and tied to rain and/or temperature sensors.

RIDGE VENTS

Thermally enhanced aluminum ridge vents provide natural ventilation to regulate indoor air temperatures in buildings with operable skylights. Ridge vents work in tandem with eave vents, creating a circulation pattern by bringing cooler air into the structure through the eave vents while the warmer air escapes through the ridge vents. Vents can be set to automatically open when a specified temperature is reached or close when rain or snow is detected.

The addition of ceiling fans will further circulate air and can add decorative features to your skylight.

FEATURES
  • Thermally enhanced aluminum profile
  • Glazing infills from 3/16” to 1”
  • Accommodates any glazing option including glass, polycarbonate, acrylic, insulated metal panels
  • Fixed mesh insect screen
  • Standard width 27”
  • Multiple bays connected together
  • Manual operation with a pole operator
OPTIONS
  • Rain sensors
  • Wireless remote control
  • Thermostatic control
  • Motorized operation
  • Oversized units upon request
MOTORIZED FEATURES
  • Temperature based automated operation
  • Water resistant motors
  • With a weather station or sensor, vents close when rain or snow is detected
  • Timed & grouped operation of multiple vents

EAVE VENTS

Thermally enhanced aluminum ridge vents provide natural ventilation to regulate indoor air temperatures in buildings with operable skylights. Eave vents work in tandem with ridge vents, creating a circulation pattern by bringing cooler air into the structure through the eave vents while the warmer air escapes through the ridge vents. Vents can be set to automatically open when a specified temperature is reached or close when rain or snow is detected.

The addition of ceiling fans will further circulate air and can add decorative features to your skylight.

FEATURES
  • Thermally enhanced aluminum profile
  • Glazing infills from 3/16” to 1”
  • Accommodates any glazing option including glass, polycarbonate, acrylic, insulated metal panels
  • Fixed mesh insect screen
  • Standard width 27”
  • Multiple bays connected together
  • Manual operation with a pole operator
OPTIONS
  • Rain sensors
  • Wireless remote control
  • Thermostatic control
  • Motorized operation
  • Oversized units upon request
MOTORIZED FEATURES
  • Temperature based automated operation
  • Water resistant motors
  • With a weather station or sensor, vents close when rain or snow is detected
  • Timed & grouped operation of multiple vents

WINDOWS

Awning Windows

An awning window is the most common type used for ventilation. The window is hinged at the top, cranks out, and can be left open during light rain showers. It can be equipped with a crank operator or motorized.

Window ISO Awning

OPERATORS

The use of ridge or eave vents will help to create cross ventilation and natural air flow, giving you more fresh air to enjoy on beautiful days. To assist in the operation of skylights, Solar Innovations offers several options that can be tailored to your needs.

MANUAL POLE OPERATOR

A manual pole operator requires no electricity and is opened and closed with the use of a crank and a long extension pole. These versatile operators can be used on windows and vents.

GAS-FILLED PISTON

The simplest solution; the gas-filled piston assists the operator by taking much of the weight off the manual operation. It is primarily used with 80°-90° operable skylights.

LINEAR ACTUATOR MOTOR

These durable motors can be paired with rain and temperature sensors for automated operation. They are designed to open vents that span multiple bays and are used in both ridge and eave configurations.

M-SERIES MOTOR

M-Series motors are capable of operating a sash weight of up to 90 pounds. With limited moisture resistance, they are not the best option for areas where foggers or misters are being used. For automation, they can be tied to rain or temperature sensors.

W-SERIES ACTUATOR

Solar Innovations recommends W-Series actuators, which are capable of lifting up to 450 pounds and can be synced with other W-Series actuators. They offer the highest moisture resistance and can automated with rain or temperature sensors.

HYDRAULIC MOTOR

Primarily used with 80°-90° operable skylight, this electric motor is switch operated and provides a smooth, quiet solution for opening and closing your skylight.

TUBE MOTOR WITH CABLE SYSTEM

Used with sloped retractable skylights, the tube motor is ridge mounted and operates by raising and lowering the skylight panel as it rides on its tracks. A strong, steel cable assists in its operation and the motor can be tied to automated systems.

GUTTERS AND DOWNSPOUTS

Gutters and downspouts are a functional necessity to any skylight that acts as a roof for a structure, yet they need not be an eyesore; they can be aesthetically appealing and double as an architectural element. Gutters are available in several styles and finishes, including traditional copper, and are paired with downspouts in standard, round, or fluted round shapes. We specialize in restoration projects and can provide custom cast aluminum elbows, drop outs, and extruded downspouts to mimic an existing structure’s architecture. For instances when it is not necessary to guide rain water away from a structure, gutters can be capped to add a decorative feature to a skylight.

GUTTERS

Gutter Box
BOX
Gutter Greenhouse
TRADITIONAL
Gutter Decorative
VICTORIAN
Gutter Restoration
HISTORICAL GREENHOUSE

DOWNSPOUTS

CAST ALUMINUM ELBOW
21/2 INCH DOWNSPOUT

GRIDS

Decorative grids enhance the look of skylights with vertical surfaces, and are available in five standard types: low profile, ogee, colonial, traditional, and large-traditional. They can be formed into almost any grid style, including radius designs. Grids can be applied three ways: as interior muntins, exterior grids and Simulated Divided Lites (SDLs). Interior muntins are placed inside the airspace between two panes of glass and are typically more cost effective and easier to clean than exterior grids and SDLs. Exterior grids are placed on the interior and exterior of the window and work well with single pane glass but have drawbacks on insulated glass, as you can easily tell it is not a true divided lite because, at an angle, you can see the lack of structure between the glass panes. The solution to this is an SDL, which provides an encapsulated bar within the glass, giving the illusion of a true divided lite. Grids are typically constructed of aluminum but can also be made of steel or lead.

GRID TYPES (For windows and transoms)

Grid Types
Traditional Grid drawing
TRADITIONAL
Wide Traditional Grid drawing
WIDE TRADITIONAL
Colonial Grid drawing
COLONIAL
Low Profile Grid drawing
LOW PROFILE
Ogee Grid drawing
OGEE
GRIDS Steel Look
STEEL LOOK

GRID PATTERNS

Traditional Grid Pattern
TRADITIONAL
Arched grid pattern
WIDE TRADITIONAL
Cross grid pattern
COLONIAL
Double gothic grid pattern
DOUBLE GOTHIC
English grid pattern
ENGLISH
Gothic grid pattern
GOTHIC

GRID APPLICATIONS

Interior Muntin Grid Application
INTERIOR MUNTIN
Monolithic Grid Application
EXTERIOR GRID
(SINGLE PANE)
Exterior Grids Application
EXTERIOR GRID
(INSULATED)
SDL Grids Application
SIMULATED DIVIDED LITE
(SDL)

MOLDING AND TRIM

Solar Innovations® offers extruded decorative trims in durable aluminum, which will not warp, rot, rust, or require finish maintenance like traditional wooden trim. All trims are suitable for interior and exterior use.

Molding and trim

HORIZONTAL MOLDING

Molding and trim horizontal
BULBOUS
CROWN
CYMA
CYMA REVERSA
LARGE BULBOUS

VERTICAL MOLDING

Molding and trim vertical
BEVELED
FLAT
1″ FLAT
CONCAVE
OGEE
SUNKEN FILLET

FINIALS

A finial, also known as a spire, is typically located at the peak of a pyramid or dome skylight, or can book-end a row of ridge cresting. Some finials can also be used as lightning rods when properly sized, designed, and installed.

Finials 7 Fleur de lis
7″ FLEUR DE LIS
Finials 7 Fleur de lis with curve
7″ FLEUR DE LIS WITH CURVE
Finials 65 Fleur de lis
65/8” FLEUR DE LIS
Finials 63 Fleur de lis
63/4” FLEUR DE LIS
Finials 7 Spire
71/2” SPIRE
Finials 10 Spire
103/4” SPIRE
Finials 4 ball
43/16” BALL CAP
CAP BASE
Finials Bell Cap
BELL CAP
Finials 16 Ball and spire finial
16″ BALL & SPIRE
Finials 15 Ball and spire
151/2” BALL & SPIRE
Finials 27 Ball and spire finial
27″ BALL & SPIRE
Finials 21 Ball and spire finial
21″ BALL & SPIRE
Finials 20 Double ball and spire finial
201/4” DOUBLE BALL & SPIRE
Finials 25 Double ball and spire finial
251/2” DOUBLE BALL & SPIRE

KING POSTS

King posts act as the base for finials that can attach above and/or below. They are typically placed at the end of a skylight’s ridge cresting to create a dramatic decorative finale to the roof line.

RIDGE CRESTING

Ridge cresting is used to enhance the ridge line of a skylight, especially in Classic English designs. Several styles of ridge cresting are available. A finial and king post is typically used to terminate the ridge cresting’s length.

Ridge cresting Ivy
IVY

CA66

Ridge cresting Spire
SPIRE

CA59

Ridge cresting Fleur de lis
FLEUR DE LIS

CA54

Ridge cresting Gated
GATED

CA75

FAUX HUBS

A faux hub can be installed to allow for the installation of electrical components such as ceiling fans or chandeliers. The wiring is concealed inside the faux hub, making for a clean installation. It is typically installed at the peak of pyramidal or polygonal skylights or along the beam of double pitch skylights.

SCREENS

For skylights, screens are used exclusively for ridge and eave vents to prevent unwanted pests from entering the living space below. Our vents are designed with fixed screens while the vents open and close.

SHADES AND BLINDS

The summer sun may be too intense for some plants, causing them to burn or die. One way to avoid this situation is to install a shading system. Solar Innovations® provides operable, fixed, interior, and exterior shading systems. Most of our shades and blinds are designed for high-moisture areas and are water, bacteria, and fungi resistant. Fixed shades permanently attach to the frame and are appropriate for conservatories that are used to grow delicate plants such as orchids or other tropical flowers that may be sensitive to overexposure. Operable shades allow you to control the amount of light entering through the skylight and are available in manual or motorized options.

MANUAL ROLLER SHADES
EXTERIOR SHADES
WIDE-SPAN SHADES
FIXED SHADES
GRAVITY-FED SHADES

DELIVERY OPTIONS

Pre-assembled/pre-Glazed

Pre-assembled/pre-glazed skylights can be shipped up to 8′ x 8′ depending on the configuration, accessories, engineering, shipping method, and installation logistics. The skylight is shipped as complete as possible and requires a crane to lift into place, where it only needs to be fastened to the structure to complete the installation.

Pre-assembled/NOT pre-Glazed

Pre-assembled skylights are water-tight and factory assembled with welded curbs but do not include glazing Installation is reduced to only glass, exterior caps, fasteners, and finishing the exterior seals. They require less expertise and time to install than our knocked down models.

Knocked down

Knocked down skylights, have virtually no design or size limitation. These skylights are shipped with each part pre- manufactured, wrapped, and labeled. Each piece is prepared with applied clips, gaskets, and glazing tapes for ease of assembly and cost effective installation.

MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE

MAINTENANCE

A skylight will require regular maintenance. The frame and glass will accumulate dirt which must be removed to prevent maintenance issues. Solar Innovations® does not recommend using harsh chemicals, a simple solution of water, vinegar and dish detergent will work well to clean the frame and glass. Operable window and vent tracks need to be cleaned and checked regularly to maintain proper function. Motorized operations, such as ridge vents, will need occasional lubrication. Leaves and debris will also need to be removed from gutters.

Repair & Replacement Services

Our products are backed by an industry-leading warranty. In the event of a problem, our team has the technical skill and experience to evaluate your situation and determine the most effective options for repair, service, or replacement of your product. All drawings and information are saved for each project, so a preliminary site visit isn’t always required.

Service